Mae Sa-Kog Ma Biosphere Reserve



We will prepare a poster for each PA, please also provide 3-5 high resolution photos (with illustration) of your PA before 31 July.

(maximum word count 500 words)

Mae Sa-Kog Ma Biosphere Reserve is a representative of mountainous watershed area and evergreen is outstanding characteristic. Mae Sa – Kog Ma has long been a key area of education and research in the field of watershed management and hydrology as well as was the first pilot site for integrated watershed management in Thailand. The site has been registered from UNESCO – Man and Biosphere Program (MAB) on March 1st, 1977. This is the 2nd in 4 sites of Thailand. It is under the Department of National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation. It covers sections of three national parks; Doi Suthep – Pui National Park, Op Khan National Park, and Khun Khan National Park, Chiang Mai Province, Thailand.

The biosphere reserve consists of 4 main watershed areas Mae – Sa sub-watershed, Huay Kog Ma sub-watershed, Mae Ta Chang sub-watershed, and Samoeng sub-watershed. There have important roles in watershed and hydrological education and research as well as a watershed management model for Thailand.

The new zonation was reported in the 2015 Periodic Review as follows:

1) Core area of 11,957 ha. (21% of total reserve area), covering fertile watershed forest across Doi Suthep-Pui National Park, Op Khan National Park and Khun Khan National Park.The core area is managed and protected under the National Park Act 1961, Wildlife Preservation and Protection Act 1992 and National Forest Reserve Act 1964.

2) Buffer zone of 29,678 ha. (52% of total reserve area), includes National Reserved Forest and sections of the national parks, to buffer between the central protected area and neighbouring communities.

3) Transition area of 15,731 ha. (27% of total reserve area), including human settlements which focus on mutual agreements and the development of socio-economics, culture and tradition that benefit the ecosystem and the biosphere reserve management in sustainable directions.

The area has plant and animal biodiversity including cultural and race diversity. More than 679 species of vascular plants are found in the biosphere reserve: 526 dicotyledons, 113 monocots, 34 ferns and 6 gymnosperms. Fauna comprises more than 439 species of wild animals including 31 mammal, 360 bird, 31 reptile and 18 amphibian species. A wide range of fungi is also found

There are 30-45 of the world ‘s species have their names appended with the word “Suthep” in reference to being first discovered at Doi Suthep. The mountain is recognized as Thailand’s prime location for collecting “type specimens ” – 512 such species have been described, of which 135 were new species.

There are 61 communities living inside the MSKM BR with a total population of 39,941 persons where 17137 are males and 22,804 are females. This population includes the northern Thai, Hmong, Karen and Lisu ethnic groups. It is an area with genetic and cultural variety. At the same time, this area is very important to the mobilization of Chiang Mai’s economy.


Organization name Mae Sa – Kog Ma Biosphere Reserve Office
Address Mae Sa – Kog Ma Biosphere Reserve Office,

Doi Suthep – Pui National Park

Hauy Kaew Rd. Suthep Sub-district, Muang District,

Chiang Mai Province, Thailand 50200

Organization website
Contact person’s name Miss Wimonmart Nuipakdee
Contact person’s mailing address Mae Sa – Kog Ma Biosphere Reserve Office,

Doi Suthep – Pui National Park

Hauy Kaew Rd. Suthep Sub-district, Muang District,

Chiang Mai Province, Thailand 50200

Contact person’s email
Contact person’s telephone +66 89 854 4014
Contact person’s fax +66 53 216 790
Recommendations to IAPA  
The common issues your PA wish to address via the IAPA’s help Building capacity and sharing best practices about protected area management and community participation in protected area management.